EVOLUTIONARY ART AND MUSIC
A selection of practicing artists who use Artificial Life methods.
Scott Draves is a visual and software artist living in New York City. He is best known as the creator of the Electric Sheep - collaborative artificial life software that recreates the biological phenomena of evolution and reproduction though mathematics. The system is made up of man and machine, a cyborg mind with 350,000 participant computers and people all over the Internet.
The Amsterdam based artist couple Erwin Driessens and Maria Verstappen have worked together since 1990 developing software, machines and objects. Their research focuses on the possibilities that physical, chemical and computer algorithms can offer for the development of image generating processes. Breed (pictured) uses Artificial Evolution to generate detailed sculptures and is rendered using rapid prototyping.
Galanter teaches generative art and physical computing at Texas A&M University. His artistic work includes generative hardware systems of his own design, installations, digital fine art prints, and light-box transparencies. He curated COMPLEXITY, the first major fine art exhibition focusing on complex systems and emergence in 2002. He has also written several papers on computational creativity including the provocative "The Problem with Evolutionary Art Is..." (2010)
Jon McCormack is an Australian-based electronic media artist and researcher. His research interests include generative evolutionary systems, computational creativity, machine learning, L-systems and developmental models. McCormack has shown around the world including Eden (pictured) - an evolutionary sonic ecosystem. His works are described in the monograph Impossible Nature: the art of Jon McCormack (2005).
Karl Sims is a digital media artist, computer graphics research scientist, and software entrepreneur. He is the founder of GenArts which creates special effects software for the motion picture industry. He previously held positions at Thinking Machines Corporation, Optomystic, and Whitney/Demos Productions where he pioneered evolutionary methods of breeding images, animations and even battling block creatures.
Stefan Bornhofen, Vincent Gardeux and Andrea Machizaud wrote a good recent review of generative/swarm/ecosystem art: "From Swarm Art Toward Ecosystem Art", International Journal of Swarm Intelligence Research, 3(3), 1-18, 2012.A preprint of the paper is available at http://gardeux-vincent.eu/Research/IJSIR12.pdf
The following video of a discussion on "Art and the Legacy of Artificial Life" might also be of interest, recorded at the Currents 2013 New Media Festival currently under way in Santa Fe:
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